A mix engineer is an audio engineer who specialises in blending the several constituents of recorded audio together, with the purpose of producing a good balance in accordance to the appropriate sound or genre that the music creator has in mind.
This engineer is responsible for treating in the sonics of instruments, vocals including their effects to a complete form of a song, which is often referred to as the ‘final mix’ or ‘mixdown‘.
Whenever a song is enjoyed for either its quality or clarity, a substantial amount of praise goes to the effort of the mix engineer. The mix engineer is a true specialist in sound systems and audio recording equipment involved in balancing sounds from different sources according to their frequency, pitch and dynamic volume.
Mix engineers or mixing professionals must have several years of experience in handling a variety of sound equipment. They serve as a link between the musician or artist and the scientific use that the mixing equipment was design for. Using their expertise to assess the consonance of sound sources and integrate them together, they can bring out at times unlimited amounts of interesting and potentially fashionable results.
Most engineers these days have a degree in sound audio engineering, while some have been lucky enough to receive formal training in the field from their circumstance being intertwined with a nearby studio or contact in a favourable position. Handling the complex variety of sound equipment can expand the knowledge of a mix engineer much more than just the degree paper.
This is because of several years of keen observation and participation in recording and mixing sessions of various kinds of sounds and music will give the engineer insight into what would well with the tools he or she may have in the future circumstance.
Most mix engineers depend on their own senses and perception when balancing audio sounds, though there some formats and actions often set out as standard in each mix session. These include:
· Using tuning plugins to correct pitch on vocals and in occasion instrument notes
· Creative sound effects such as flanger, reverb, phaser and delay
· Emphasizing crucial sections of the track
· Understanding the artist’s overall style and groove
The mixing console is the most important tool of an audio engineer. This enables the engineer to blend the frequency of each sound within a given track, which all the parts laid out in front. This gives access to when a specific mixing process needs to be performed on a particular instrument.
· Mixing console (mixing desk)
· Tape machines
· Hardware that dictates sample rate and bit rate (often combined in the same unit)
· Computer processing unit
· Plug in hardware
· Several sets of monitors
· Speaker amplification unit
· Sound absorbers
· Signal processors
· Digital to analog converters
· Analog to digital converters
The different components that constitute a song are often not recorded at the same time, therefore the mix engineer will have a role to play in harmonising all these separate elements of the song into one perfect flow after the track has been arranged. They don’t actually need to be around during the recording period at all.